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六级考试高分突破(模拟题库)(修订版)4

2018-08-11 阅读 :
Paper One
Part I Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A., B., C.  and D., and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. A. At a restaurant          B. At a department store
    C. On an airplane            D. At a bank
2. A. 40 minutes    B. 30 minutes
   C. 25 minutes                           D. 35 minutes
3. A. The man suggests that the woman get her work done as soon as possible.
  B. The man suggests that the woman have dinner right now.
  C. The man suggests that the woman should not finish the letters.
  D. The man suggests that the woman put her work off until tomorrow.
4. A. The boy pulled up suddenly to avoid an accident.
  B. The boy nearly lost his life.
  C. The boy wouldn't have got killed if the cardoor were closed.
  D. The boy pulled himself together after the accident.
5. A. She thought the exam was very tough except for the first question.
  B. She thought all the questions in the exam was fairly easy.
  C. She thought most of the questions in the exam was quite easy.
  D. She thought the exam was very difficult.
6. A. People didn't receive the President with enthusiasm.
  B. The President's visit didn't receive a lot of publicity.
  C. The President's visit turned out to be a welcome one.
  D. The President's visit was not headlined in any newspaper.
7. A. Staying home on Sundays   B. Playing tennis
  C. Going fishing with the boys       D. Watching Television
8. A. Watching Television      B. Reading a book
C. Reading newspapers                  D. Writing an article
9. A. On foot  B. By taxi   C. By subway           D. By bus
10. A. Jerry stayed in a room on the third floor for an hour.
   B. Jerry was absent when the discussion was being held.
   C. Nobody but the woman noticed that Jerry was absent.
   D. Jerry did not leave room 405 until an hour had passed.
Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B., C. and D., and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A. 15 years old       B. 16 years old    
   C. 14 years old        D. 17 years old
12. A. the Marquis of Queensberry      B. Richard Humphries
               C. Lord Byron    D. Gentleman Jackson
13. A. Because he didn't pay taxes for the large sum of money he earned.
   B. Because he intentionally injured his opponent in a fight.
   C. Because he slipped into stealing when he couldn't afford his extravagant lifestyle.
   B. Because he wasn't able to pay his debts.
Passage Two
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A. New York      B. Japan   C. France         D. Germany
15. A. Because people treat their pets like members of their families.
   B. Because they keep mice and other unwanted animals away.
   C. Because pets are very good companies to human beings.
   D. Because pets can do a lot of things for human beings.
16. A. In most cultures, animals have an inferior position to human beings.
   B. There are special shops that sell jewelry, clothing and delicious food for pets in the United States and Europe.
   C. There are shops in fashionable streets in Europe that sell gold and diamond collars for cats.
   D. Cat food and dog food are very common commodities found at most supermarkets.
Passage Three
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A. He has to teach another class and cannot talk to Professor Smith himself.
   B. He is very sick and cannot talk on the phone.
   C. He is out of town on an emergency and cannot teach his class this afternoon.
   D. He cannot reach Professor Smith by telephone.
18. A. He wants to find someone else to teach the afternoon class for him.
B. He wants someone to notify his students that the class is cancelled.
   C. He wants someone to go in for him and pass back the midterm exam papers.
   D. He wants someone to grade the midterm papers for him.
19. A. In the classroom   B. In the woman's apartment
               C. On Don's desk in his office      D. In Don's apartment
20. A. the woman     B. no one
                        C. Don's roommate                             D. Professor Smith
Section C (Compound Dictation)
Directions: In this section you will hear a passage three times. During the first reading, you should listen carefully for a general idea of the whole passage. Then listen to the passage again. When the first part of the passage is being read, you should fill in the missing word during the pause at each blank. After listening to the second part of the passage, you are required to write down the main points according to what you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read the third time you can check what you have written.
Social change is more likely to occur in societies than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, , and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and in mixed societies. All these factors tend to  by opening more areas of life to decision. , there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because . And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least customary and undisputed.
Within a society,  in the material aspects of the culture than in the nonmaterial, for example, in technology rather than in values.
. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomies. This is one reason why , because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A., B., C. and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
How often do you sit still and do absolutely nothing? The usual answer these days is never, or hardly ever. As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down and unwind. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.
Stress is a natural part of everyday life. There is no way to avoid it, since it takes many and varied forms―driving in traffic, problems with personal relationships are all different forms of stress. Stress, in fact, is not as bad as it is often reputed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to level performance and ill health.
The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people thrive on stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others crumple at the sight of unusual difficulties.
When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we invoke the fight mechanism which in more primitive days made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however minimal the stress, it involves the same response. All the energy is diverted to cope with the stress, with the result that other function, such as digestion, are neglected.
It is when such a reaction is prolonged, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Such serious conditions as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease all have established links with stress. The way stress affects a person also varies with the individual. Stress in some people produces stomach disorders, while others succumb to tension headaches. Since we cannot remove stress from our lives, we need to find ways to cope with it.
21. What is the main idea of the talk?
A. Both relaxation and stress are necessary for people to live a healthy and fulfilling life.
B. People often suffer unpleasant effects of stress without knowing why.
C.  People need stress to stimulate them in work.
D.  Continued stress may be harmful to people's health.
22. What does the word “thrive” in the third paragraph mean?
A. succeedB. writheC. dependD. deal
23. The reason that many people find it hard to relax these days is that.
A. they are suffering from the effects of excessive stress
B.  they are working harder than they used to
C.  they are often too busy to find the time
D.  they have no idea what relaxation means to them
24. The pronoun“ it” in the last but one paragraph refers to .
A. crisisB. stressC. reactionD. ill health
25. Which of the following would the author most probably disagree?
A. It is very hard for a person rushing through life to slow down and relax.
B.  Stress as well as relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.
C.  Only the strongwilled people can cope with stress successfully.
D.  Stress that is considered unmanageable for some may be a stimulant for other people.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
Industry uses water for many different purposes. The uses are commonly divided into four categories: cooling water, process water, boiler feedwater, and sanitary and service water. Cooling water is water used only for cooling without coming into contact with the product of material being processed. Process water is water that comes into contact with material being processed. Boiler feedwater is water converted to steam. Sanitary and service water is that supplied for the personal use of the employees, for cleaning plants and equipment, and for the operation of valves and other apparatus.
About 90 percent of the water withdrawn by industry is used for cooling. Fuelelectric power plants use more cooling water than all other kinds of plants combined. One might suppose that the greatest amount of water used in the fuelelectric power production is used for boiler feedwater, but such use is dwarfed by the water needed for cooling condensers. Cooling water is also used to condense many products of oil refineries and chemical plants and to protect industrial equipment from excessive heat.
Most manufacturing plants use process water at some point in the course of their operation. In some plants the material being processed is in contact with water at almost every step in its conversion to the finished product. Water also serves as a solvent for chemicals in many chemical processes; and the food industry uses large quantities of water for cleaning, cooking, and canning vegetables and meats.
Another important use of water by industry is for disposal of its waste products. At one time, streamflows were adequate to dilute, dissolve, or carry away these wastes. However, some rivers in the United States are being progressively depleted by use and overloaded with wastes. This pollution not only upsets the delicate natural balance among plants, insects, and fish, but also poses problems of water quality for the people and industries downstream.
26.What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Why does industry use the most water for cooling.
B. The conversion of raw material into finished products.
C. The disposal of waste products in industry.
D. Four basic categories of water used in industrial production.
27.Water used in industry to operate valves is called .
A. sanitation and service waterB. boiler feedwater
C. cooling waterD. process water
28.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one of the functions of water used in industrial production?
A. coolingB. solvent for chemicals
C. carrier of waste productsD. cleaning
29.The greatest amount of cooling water is used in .
A. food industryB. fuelelectric power plant
C. chemical industryD. manufacturing industry
30. The word “depleted" in the last paragraph most probably means .
A. used upB. pollutedC. flushedD. flooded
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Some gaybashers believe AIDS (艾滋病) is God's way of punishing homosexuals (同性恋). Some Africans suspect it is just another of the white man's weapons of genocide (种族灭绝). Others suggested it was hatched in a biologicalweapons laboratory. There has been no shortage of theories about the origins of the virus that caused the current worldwide AIDS epidemic (传染病), but most have ranged from truly bizarre to scientifically implausible at best.
African monkeys are almost certainly the source of the deadly virus. Just how the virus made the leap from its simian (猿猴的) host to people is still hotly debated, however, and the most likely explanations are far more complex, involving shifts in African society that turned an isolated disease into a plague.
Though researchers initially resisted the idea that human AIDS also came from African monkeys, that fact now seems well established. In 1991, convincing evidence was presented that the simian virus that infects sooty mangabbys, a type of monkey found in West Africa, carries virtually the same genetic material as HIV2, one of the two strains of human AIDS virus.
One theory of how the virus traveled from monkeys to humans is based on reports that certain West Tribes injected monkey blood into their backs and thighs to heighten sexual arousal. Other researchers have referred to bizarre attempts by European doctors in the 1920s to boost the flagging (衰退的) powers of aging men with injections of monkey testicles(睾丸).
The most compelling explanation for the spread of the AIDS virus is cultural as well as biological. The actual transfer of the virus from monkeys to humans may have involved something as prosaic (平凡的) as a monkey bite or a monkey hunter's nick on the hand while butchering his quarry (猎物). Some experts believe that AIDS might have died out with that hunter, or perhaps with his isolated village, had profound cultural changes not come to Africa. Over the last 30 years, the population of subSaharan Africa, the region hardest hit by AIDS, became increasingly urban. As in the United States, infection rates appear far higher in African cities than in rural areas. Urbanization brings many diverse people together. It appears that the AIDS virus is approximately 40 years old. That places its origin right at the beginning of the period of rapid African urban development. As with the history of plagues, tracing the precise movements of the AIDS virus through various populations is exceedingly difficult. In the end, the origin of AIDS is not the real problem; the real problem is where the disease is going.
31. Where did the deadly virus of AIDS originally come from?
A. It came from the African monkeys.
B. The virus was hatched in a biologicalweapons laboratory.
C. It came from some West African tribes.
D. It came from some European doctors.
32. It can be inferred from the passage that .
A. Most theories concerning the origin of the virus of AIDS are plausible.
B. There are many theories concerning the origin of the virus of AIDS.
C. The urbanization process in the United States contributed a lot to the spread of the disease over the last 30 years.
D. The transfer of AIDS from monkeys to human beings takes place only when humans inject monkey blood into their bodies.
33. Which of the following statements is untrue?
A. The infection rate of AIDS is very high among homosexuals.
B. The purpose of injecting monkey blood and testicles into human body   was to boost their sexual power.
C. Cultural, as well as biological factors contributed to the spread of the deadly virus.
D. The virus of AIDS may have died out had the Africans not hunted monkeys.
34. What explanation did the author give for the high infection rate of AIDS in the population of subSaharan Africa over the last 30 years?
A. Because people in that particular area commonly practice the injection of monkey blood.
B. Because during that period, the region became increasingly urban.
C. Because European doctors injected monkey testicles into their bodies.
D. Because tracing the precise movements of the AIDS virus through African populations is exceedingly difficult.
35. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the article?
A. The Urbanization of Africa Over the Last 30 Years.
B. How did the AIDS Epidemic Begin?
C. A New Breakthrough in Biology.
D. Who is to Blame?
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
We have seen that all living things must take in and use energy to maintain their bodies, to grow, to obtain more energy, and to reproduce. Since the evolutionarily successful individual is one that leaves descendants in future generations, natural selection favors those individuals that can channel the most energy into producing offspring. The use of energy in other activities such as feeding, fighting, or growing is selectively advantageous only so far as these activities result in the organism's accumulating more energy to produce offspring.
Each individual has an energy income―all of the energy that it acquires during its lifetime. It also has an energy budget, its allotment of different amounts of energy to various activities. The most evolutionarily successful organisms are those which are most effective in conversion of energy to offspring. This does not mean that organisms use all their energy directly to produce offspring. For example, suppose that a tree converts some of its energy into growing a large root system, the energy thus spent cannot be used to produce offspring. Its large root system may enable the tree to obtain a great deal of water and minerals from the soil and so to produce more leaves, another diversion of energy away from the production of offspring. However, all of the leaves that the tree produces may then enable the tree to synthesize more food than it would have otherwise, and so allow it to make up for some of its previous energy expenditure by producing more offspring in the end. Thus organisms make energy investment which may ultimately yield energy gains that can be reinvested in the production of offspring. Sometimes these investments will turn out to be selectively disadvantageous because they postpone production of offspring. If the organism meets an early death, it will never get a chance to reproduce. So any item in an organism's energy budget must have the potential to produce an ultimate productive gain that is equal to the risks involved in diverting energy away from the immediate production of offspring.
36. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Each individual has an energy income and an energy budget as well.
B. Sometimes the investment of energy can be disadvantageous to organisms.
C. The most evolutionarily successful individual is one that directs the most energy to reproduction.
D. Any item in an organism's energy budget must have the potential of reproduction that is equal to the risks involved in diverting energy away from the reproductive process.
37. What does the word “allotment” in the second paragraph most probably mean?
A. reservationB. divisionC. productionD. accumulation
38. According to the passage, the use of energy in feeding, fighting or growing would be selectively disadvantageous when .
A. these activities don't lead to the accumulation of more energy of the organism to produce offspring
B. these activities result in the organism's accumulating more energy to produce offspring
C. these activities convert some of their energy into the production of offspring
D. these activities enable the organism to synthesize more food than it would have otherwise
39. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. It would be a waste of energy for organisms to use energy in nonproductive activities.
B. Organisms derive most of their energy ultimately from their parents.
C. Any organism should use as little energy as possible in its nonproductive activities.
D. Not all energy of an organism is used in reproduction.
40. What is the ultimate significance of a tree's growing a large root system?
A. It can thus obtain more water and nutriments from the soil.
B. It can thus produce more offspring.
C. It can thus synthesize more foods.
D. It can thus produce more leaves.
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A., B., C. and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41. The small company coped very well  the sudden increase of demand.
A. in  B. withC. out     D. against
42. By the end of next month we  this assignment.
A. will finish                            B. will be finishing
C. will have finished                     D. have finished
43. We will be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours  miracle.
A. is working                       B. works
C. will be working                  D. worked
44. All the nations in the world are supposed to  the principles set by the United Nations.
A. inspect                         B. incorporate
C. uphold                         D. integrate
45. I haven't yet decided whether to take the trip to Hawaii or not, but my wife is  me for a decision.
A. forcing   B. rushingC. pressing     D. hurrying
46. Even in hot weather the old man refuses to turn on the airconditioner for the  of saving on utilities.
A. sake   B. reasonC. ground      D. cause
47.  different aspects of social life, sociologists must determine the laws governing human behavior in social contexts.
A. Explain                                B. Explaining
C. To explain                             D. The explanations of
48. She married her boss's son because she wanted a husband from a wealthy family. But she had to  her husband's bad temper.
A. live in                                      B. live on
C. live with                                    D. live up to
49. I overheard them  they were dissatisfied with their living conditions.
A. complained                                   B. to complain
C. complaining                            D. to be complaining
50. He has been working on his term paper for quite a .
A. while   B. timeC. term        D. period
51. The man sitting opposite me smiled dreamily, as if  something pleasant in the past.
A. to remember               B. remembered
C. having been remembered        D. remembering
52. The train,  takes only two hours to get there, is much faster than the bus.
A. what   B. thatC. which     D. which one
53. This bar is only open to adults, , people over 18 years of age.
A. worse still                             B. that is
C. on the other hand                      D. in short
54. Every boy is  to encounter some setbacks on his way to be a man.
A. bound                                        B. indispensable
C. obvious                                      D. doubtless
55. You can't be  careful in choosing your lifelong partner in marriage as it is one of the most important decisions in your life.
A. very    B. quiteC. so       D. too
56. These factories were closed for failing to  with the airpollution laws issued by the Government.
A. abide     B. obeyC. comply   D. consent
57. My sister's house is about a mile from the railway station and there are not many houses .
A. from each other                              B. in between
C. far apart                                    D. among them
58. When I told the manager I didn't have the goods I had ordered delivered on time, he promised to  my complaint.
A. look into                                    B. look through
C. look after                                   D. look over
59.  the traffic jam, we would have arrived in time for the meeting.
A. In case of                                   B. But for
C. Because of                                   D. In spite of
60.  reply of business letters is always greatly appreciated.
A. Profound  B. AcuteC. Alert         D. Prompt
61. I  him the Christmas gift by mail because he came home during the Christmas holidays.
A. ought to have sent                     B. couldn't have sent
C. must have sent                         D. needn't have sent
62. A careful review of all the political movements in the 20th century will give us a  into the way political system works.
A. insight     B. inquiryC. feedback      D. input
63. The assistance of the Los Angeles Police Department in the making of this movie was  by the producer.
A. attributed    B. acceptedC. acknowledged         D. admitted
64. When his visa to the United States came through, his moods  between happiness and gloom.
A. altered      B. alternatedC. differed       D. changed
65. If you do well in the English Proficiency Test you will be  the job of teaching assistant.
A. located    B. placedC. delivered       D. assigned
66. It turned out that the children were not  for the accident.
A. to blame                                     B. to be blamed
C. to be blaming                                D. to have been blamed
67. The following story  a man who had been wrongly imprisoned during the Civil War and who remained in prison for twenty years.
A. states   B. reiteratesC. concerns     D. proclaims
68. The people for the survey were chosen completely  ; that is, they were chosen aimlessly.
A. on average                                     B. by accidence
C. on occasion                                    D. at random
69. The desegregation was achieved through a number of struggles,  have been mentioned in previous chapters.
A. a few of which                               B. a few of them
C. a few of those                               D. a few of that
70.  for your help, we'd never have been able to finish this project on time.
A. Had it not                                  B. Had it not been
C. If we had not been                          D. If it were not
Paper Two
Part I Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to add a word, cross out a word, or change a word. If you add a word, put an insertion mark (∧) in the right place and write the missing word in the blank. If you cross out a word, put a slash ( / ) in the blank. If you change a word, cross it out and write the correct word in the corresponding blank.
Example:
Television is rapidly becoming the literatures of our periods. Many of the arguments having used for the study of literature as a school subject are valid for∧study of television.〖〗1.    time  
2.     /    
3.    the   
Within the nineteenth century, the mechanization of farming and the fencing of range land opened the agricultural heart of North America to intensive development. For the natural geographic center of this region, Chicago became the crossroads of vast transportation network. The great waterway systems of the Mississippi valley and the Great Lakes was linked in Chicago in 1847, which the IllinoisMichigan Canal was opened to traffic. Within the next year, rail lines began to operate trains to and from the city. The raise of agricultural activity demanded facilities for the storage and milling of grain, the slaughtering of cattle, and the processing and shipment of meat. The manufacture of farm machinery branched out into the basic metalfabricating and woodworking industries. Which soon attracted banks and another financial institutions. Four years after the end of the Civil War, Chicago was already established as the focal point of the largest system of inland waterways in the world and the hub of a rail network where extended to the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts. Productive potential of the city was unparalleled, and the pace of its industrial expansion reached explosive proportions.〖〗71.
 
72.
 
73.
74.
75.
 
76.
 
 
 
 
77.
78.
 
 
79.
80. Part II Translation from English to Chinese (15 minutes)
Directions:In this part, there are five items, which you should translate into Chinese, each item consists of one or two sentence. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in the Second Part of the Test Paper.
You are allowed 15 minutes to do the translation. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
81. (Lines 35, Para.1, Passage 1)
Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down and unwind.
 
 
 
82. (Lines 14, Para.3, Passage 1)
The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people thrive on stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others crumple at the sight of unusual difficulties.
 
 
 
83. (Lines 36, Para.2, Passage 2)
One might suppose that the greatest amount of water used in the fuelelectric power production is used for boiler feedwater, but such use is dwarfed by the water needed for cooling condensers.
 
 
 
84. (Lines 12, Para.3, Passage 3)
Though researchers initially resisted the idea that human AIDS also came from African monkeys, that fact now seems well established.
 
 
 
85. (Lines 1114, Para.2, Passage 4)
However, all of the leaves that the tree produces may then enable the tree to synthesize more food than it would have otherwise, and so allow it to make up for some of its previous energy expenditure by producing more offspring in the end.
 
 
 
Part III Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).
Since the settlement of Jamestown in 1607, well over 45 million people have immigrated to the United States. Up until 1882, the policy of the United States was almost one of free and unrestricted admittance. The country was regarded as the land of the free, a haven for those oppressed by tyrants, and a place of opportunity.
Immigration of white ethnics to the United States can be viewed from the perspective of old migration and new migration. The old migration consisted of people from northern Europe who came before the 1880s. The new migration was much larger in numbers and consisted of people from Southern and Eastern Europe who came between 1880 and 1920. The ethnic groups that made up the old migration included the English, Dutch, French, Germans, Irish, Scandinavians, Scots, and Welsh. The new migration included Poles, Hungarians, Ukrainians, Russians, Italians, Greeks, Portuguese, and Armenians.
The new migration sent far more immigrants to the United States than the old migration. The earlier immigrants felt threatened by the waves of unskilled and uneducated newcomers whose appearance and culture were so different from their own. Public pressure for immigration restriction increased. After 1921 quotas were established limiting the number of people that could arrive from any particular country. The quotas were specifically designed to discriminate against potential immigrants from the southern and eastern European countries. This discriminatory immigration policy remained in effect until 1965 when a new policy was established.
In contrast to the stereotype of the European immigrant arriving at Ellis Island as in previous eras, today's immigrant is likely to be from the Orient and arrive by plane. Since 1970, Asian immigrants have been rising rapidly both in number and as a percentage of all immigrants to the United States. In fact, the United States' Asian immigrant population is increasing faster than the foreignborn population from Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and Canada combined. Europe, on the other hand, no longer sends many of its natives to America's shores. Even with the massive immigration from Europe during their early history, only 26 percent of today's foreign born population came from Europe, and only 13 percent of them have arrived since 1980.
86. According to the author, the old migration consisted of .
87. The new migration consisted of .
88. There were a large number of immigrants to the United States from the year 1607 to 1882 because at that time the country was regarded as .
89. The earlier immigrants felt threatened by  whose appearance and culture were so different from their own.
90. Today's immigrants are more likely .
Part IV Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Fast Food and Traditional Chinese Cuisine according to the following topic given in Chinese. Your part of writing should be no less than 120 words.
自从西式快餐被介绍进中国,越来越多的人喜欢到麦当劳、肯德基去进餐。你更喜欢西式快餐还是传统的中餐?请说说你的看法,并说出理由。
Tapescripts for Model Test Five
Section A
Directions: (omitted)
1. W: May I bring you something else? More coffee perhaps?
  M: Nothing more, thanks, Just bring me the check please.
  Q: Where are the two speakers?
2. M: How far do you live from campus?
  W: It's a twentyfive minute drive but it takes ten minutes more during rush hour.
  Q: How long does it take to drive to campus during rush hour?
3. W: It's 4:55. By the time I finish these letters and put them to mail it will be time for dinner.
  M: If I were you, I'd do it tomorrow.
  Q: What does the man suggest that the woman do?
4. M: The boy would have been killed if the car hadn't pulled up sharp.
  W: Yeah, that was close.
  Q: What do we learn about the boy?
5. W: Except for the first question, the test wasn't tough.
  M: But Sue said it was very difficult.
  Q: What does the woman think about the test?
6. W: Many newspapers headlined the President's visit.
  M: I know. Although his visit received a lot of publicity, very few people turned out to welcome him.
  Q: What can we know about the President's visit?
7. M: Does Bob often stay home on Sundays?
  W: Sometimes he plays tennis. But he likes nothing better than to go fishing with the boys.
  Q: What does Bob like to do most?
8. M: What's in the headlines today? 
  W: It says here that there's a planecrash in Brazil and that the President of the United States is going to visit China.
  Q: What is the woman doing?
9. W: How can we get home? It's so late. The buses and subways have all stopped running.
  M: It looks as though we may have no choice but to take a taxi.
  Q: How will the couple go home?
10. W: Jerry, last night we held a discussion in that small room numbered 405 on the third floor and you were so conspicuous by your absence.
   M: Well, I made a mistake about the room number and stayed in room 415 for an hour waiting.
   Q: Which of the following about Jerry is true? 
Section B
Directions: (omitted)
Passage One
Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money. Because of this, they were known as prizefighters. However, boxing was very crude, for there were no rules and a prizefighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
One of the most colorful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860 when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In his day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.
Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxingmatch when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries, who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarreled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as £100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. How old was Mendoza when he became a famous prizefighter?
12. Who drew up the first set of rules for boxing according to the passage?
13. Why was Mendoza sent to prison after he had been defeated by Gentleman Jackson?
Passage Two
There are different ideas about pets in different parts of the world. In most cultures, animals have an inferior position to human beings. In some instances, however, people treat their pets like members of their families, or perhaps better. In the United States and Europe, where pets are very popular, there are special shops that sell jewelry, clothing and delicious food for cats and dogs. There are shops in fashionable streets in New York city, for example, that sell gold and diamond collars, fur jackets, mittens and hats for cats. In many countries of the world, there is a special food for pets. It is very common for supermarkets in many places to sell cat food and dog food. However, in Nice, France, there is a special restaurant for dogs. Dogs are the only customers. On the menu, there is a variety of special tasty dishes for the dogs to choose from. In the United States, there is a very rich cat who can afford to go to any restaurant he chooses. His name is Kitty cat. Kitty cat received $100,000 when his owner died. In addition, the owner left Kitty cat a beautiful house to live in. There is a person who comes to the house everyday to feed and take care of Kitty cat. Of course, in most parts of the world, pets don't live in such wealth and luxury. There's a more practical and functional attitude towards pets: people own cats and dogs because they keep away mice and other unwanted animals.
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. Where is the special restaurant for dogs mentioned in the paragraph?
15. Why do most people own pets?
16. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
Passage Three
M: Math Department, Doctor Smith speaking.
W: Hello, Professor Smith, this is Janet Hill calling. I live two doors down from your teaching assistant, Don Williams. Don asked me to call you because he has lost his voice and can't talk to you himself.
M: Lost his voice? Oh, what a shame! Is there anything I can do for him?
W: Well, he has a class this afternoon from twothirty to four and he won't be able to teach it. But he doesn't want to cancel it either.
M: Does he want me to try to find somebody else to teach the class?
W: No, not exactly. What he wants to do is to get someone to go in for him, just to pass back the midterm exams. He's already marked them and they are on the desk in his office. The whole thing wouldn't take more than ten minutes.
M: His classes are at twothirty, you say? Well I'm free at that time and I was going to be on campus anyway, so I could do it for him. What room is his class in?
W: Cater Hall, room twofourteen. Will you need his office key to get the exams? He's given it to me and I could bring it to you.
M: Actually, that won't be necessary. We have a master key in the math department. So I can get into his office if necessary.
W: Thank you very much, Professor Smith. Don doesn't have another class to teach until Thursday, and hopefully he'll be able to talk by then. He'll call you as soon as he can. Oh, yes, I almost forgot.
M: Yes?
W: Could you put the next assignment on the board too? It's all the problems on page fortyfive, and they are due at the next class.
M: No trouble at all. Thanks for passing on the news about Don. And please tell him don't worry about anything.
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. What seems to be Don's problem?
18. What does Don want someone to do for him this afternoon?
19. Where are the marked midterm papers now? 
20. Who will fill in for Don at the classes?
Section C (Compound Dictation)
Directions: (omitted)
Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least customary and undisputed.
Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the nonmaterial, for example, in technology rather than in values.
Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomy. This is one reason why change has not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts.
本文标题:六级考试高分突破(模拟题库)(修订版)4
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