2018-08-11 阅读 :


Part  Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
    Every profession or trade, every art, and every science has its technical vocabulary. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts, and other vocations, like farming and fishery, that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary, is very old. Itconsists largely of native words, or of borrowed words that have worked themselves into the very fiber of our language. Hence, though highly technical in many particulars, these vocabularies are more familiar in sound, and more generally understood, than most other technicalities. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity, and philosophy have also, in their older strata, become pretty familiar to cultivated persons and have contributed much to the popular vocabulary. Yet every vocation still possesses a large body of technical terms that remain essentially foreign, even to educated speech. And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts. Here new terms are coined with the greatest freedom, and abandoned with indifference when they have served their turn. Most of the new coinages are confined to special discussions, and seldom get into general literature or conversation. Yet no profession is nowadays, as all professions once were, a close guild (行会). The lawyer, the physician, the man of science, the divine, associated freely with his fellow-creatures, and does not meet them in a merely professional way. Furthermore, what is called "popular science" makes everybody acquainted with modern views and recent discoveries. Any important experiment, though made in a remote or provincial laboratory, is at once reported in the newspapers, and everybody is soon talking about it as in the case of the Roentgen rays and wireless telegraphy. Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace.
21.Special words used in technical discussion.
A) never last long
B) should be confined to scientific fields
C) may become part of common speech
D) are considered artificial language speech
22.It is true that                .
A) everyone is interested in scientific findings
B) the average man often uses in his own vocabulary what was once technical language not meant for him
C) an educated person would be expected to know most technical terms
D) various professions and occupations often interchange their dialects and jargons
23.In recent years,there has been a marked increase in the number of technical terms in the terminology of            .
A) fishery    B) farming    C) government    D) sports
24.The writer of the article was, undoubtedly .
A) a linguist    B) an attorney    C) a scientist    D) an essayist
25.The author’s main purpose in the passage is to            .
A) describe a phenomenon
B) propose a solution
C) be entertaining
D) argue a belief

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Museums have changed. They are no longer places for the privileged few or for bored vacationers to visit on rainy days. Action and democracy are words used in descriptions of museums now.

At a science museum in Ontario, Canada, you can feel your hair stand on end as harmless electricity passes through your body. At the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, you can look at seventeenth century instruments while listening to their music. As these two examples show, museums are reaching out to new audience, particularly the young, the poor, and the less educated members of the population. As a result, attendance is increasing.

More and more, museum directors are realizing that people learn best when they can somehow become part of what they are seeing. The visitors are encouraged to touch, listen, operate, and experiment so as to discover scientific principles for himself. He can have the experience of operating a spaceship or a computer. The purpose is not only to provide fun but also to help feel at home in the world of science.

Many museums now provide educational services and children’s departments. In addition to the usual displays, they also offer film showings and dance programs. Instead of being places that one should visit, they are places to enjoy.

One cause of all these changes is the increase in wealth and leisure time. Another cause is the rising percentage of young people in the population. Many of these young people are college students or college graduates. They are better educated than their parents. They see things in a new and different way. They are not satisfied with standing and looking at works of art; they want art they can take part in. the same is true of science and history.

There is disagreement among directors concerning the kinds of service that museums should provide. Some believe that museums are already changing too much. Others feel that many museums still have too little connection with the world outside their walls. The problem is how museums can continue to serve as storehouses for treasures while encouraging the general public to enjoy visiting them.

26. In the first paragraph, the writer tells us that __________.

A)     museums used to be open on rainy days

B)      museums used to be only visited by holidaymakers

C)     attendance at museums used to be very low

D)     the admission tickers of museums used to be very expensive

27. The phrase “feel at home in the world of science” ( Para.3) means “_______”.

A)     be familiar with various subjects in the world of science

B)      do whatever one wants to do in the world of science

C)     know without leaving home what is going on in the world of science

D)     feel comfortable in the world of science

28. Which of the following is NOT a cause of all these changes taking place in the museums?

A)     People ate better-off nowadays.

B)      People can afford more time for relaxation.

C)     The number of young people in the population has increased.

D)     People are no longer interested in history and art.

29. According to the writer, museums in the modern world __________.

A)     should still be places where collections of objects are preserved and displayed

B)      should be devoted more to science and technology

C)     should be a storehouse for collections and at the same time a place of entertainment for their visitors

D)     should aim at providing fun for their audiences

30. This article is mainly about __________.

A)     the advantages of today’s museums

B)      changes museums are undergoing

C)     the services museums can provide

D)the role museums should play

Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
    For about three centuries we have been doing science, trying science out, using science for the construction of what we call modern civilization. Every dispensable item of contemporary technology, from canal locks to dial telephones to penicillin, was pieced together from the analysis of data provided by one or another series of scientific experiments. Three hundred years seems a long time for testing a new approach to human interliving, long enough to settle back for critical appraisal of the scientific method, maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.
    Voices have been raised in protest since the beginning, rising in pitch and violence in the nineteenth century during the early stages of the industrial revolution, summoning urgent crowds into the streets any day these days on the issue of nuclear energy. Give it back, say some of the voices, it doesn’t really work, we’ve tried it and it doesn’t work, go back three hundred years and start again on something else less chancy for the race of man.The principle discoveries in this century, taking all in all, are the glimpses of the depth of our ignorance about nature. Things that used to seem clear and rational, matters of absolute certainty-Newtonian mechanics, for example-have slipped through our fingers, and we are left with a new set of gigantic puzzles, cosmic uncertainties, ambiguities; some of the laws of physics are amended every few years, some are canceled outright, some undergo revised versions of legislative intent as if they were acts of Congress.
    Just thirty years ago we call it a biological revolution when the fantastic geometry of the DNA molecule was exposed to public view and the linear language of genetics was decoded. For a while, things seemed simple and clear, the cell was a neat little machine, a mechanical device ready for taking to pieces and reassembling, like a tiny watch. But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today’s imagining.
It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do. What lies ahead, or what can lie ahead if the efforts in basic research are continued, is much more than the conquest of human disease or the improvement of agricultural technology or the cultivation of nutrients in the sea. As we learn more about fundamental processes of living things in general we will learn more about ourselves.
31.What can’ t be inferred from the 1st paragraph?
A) Scientific experiments in the past three hundred years have produced many valuable items.
B) For three hundred years there have been people holding hostile attitude toward science.
C) Modern civilization depends on science so man supports scientific progress unanimously.
D) Three hundred years is not long enough to settle back critical appraisal of scientific method.
32.The principle discovery in this century shows            .
A) man has overthrown Newton’ s laws of physics
B) man has solved a new set of gigantic puzzles
C) man has lost many scientific discoveries
D) man has given up some of the once accepted theories
33.Now scientists have found in the past few years             .
A) the exposure of DNA to the public is unnecessary
B) the tiny cell in DNA is a neat little machine
C) man knows nothing about DNA
D) man has much to learn about DNA
34.The writer’s main purpose in writing the passage is to say that .
A) science is just at its beginning
B) science has greatly improved man’s life
C) science has made profound progress
D) science has done too little to human beings
35.The writer’s attitude towards science is .
A) critical    B) approving    C) neutral    D) regretful
Passage Four
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
    Efforts to educate people about the risks of substance abuse(毒品滥用)seem to deter some people from using dangerous substances, if such efforts are realistic about what is genuinely dangerous and what is not. Observed declines in the use of such drugs as LSD, PCP, and quaaludes since the early 1970s are probably related to increased awareness of the risks of their use, and some of this awareness was the result of warnings about these drugs in " underground "papers read by drug users. Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple "all drugs are terrible for you" message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed. This is illustrated by the popularity among young marijuana users of Reefer Madness, a widely unrealistic propaganda film against marijuana made in the 1930s. This film made the rounds of college campuses in the 1970s and joined rock music videos on cable television’s MTV in the 1980s. Instead of deterring marijuana use, it became a cult(风靡一时的)film among users, many of whom got high to watch it.
    Although persuasion can work for some people if it is balanced and reasonable, other people seem immune to the most reasoned educational efforts. Millions have started smoking even though the considerable health risks of smoking have been well known and publicized for years. Moreover, the usefulness of education lies in primary prevention: prevention of abuse among those who presently have no problem. Hence, Bomier’s contention that "if the Pepsi generation can be persuaded to drink pop wine, they can be persuaded not to drink it while driving" is probably not correct, since most drunken driving is done by people who already have significant drinking problems, and hence seem not to be dissuaded even by much stronger measures such as loss of a driver’s license.
36.According to the passage, up to now, antidrug education.
A) has made all people see the danger of drugs
B) has succeeded in dissuading people from using drugs
C) has been effective only to a certain degree
D) has proved to be a total failure
37.The film "Reefer Madness" mentioned in the passage.
A) effectively deterred marijuana use
B) was rejected by young marijuana users
C) did not picture the danger of marijuana realistically
D) was welcomed by marijuana users because it told them how to get high
38.The message "all drugs are terrible for you" is not influential because.
A) it ignores the fact that drugs vary greatly in danger
B) it gives a false account of the risks of drug use
C) some drugs are good for health
D) it does not appear in underground papers
39.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) Even balanced and reasonable antidrug persuasion is influential only to some people.
B) Most drug users are ignorant of the danger of drugs.
C) Punishments such as loss of a driver’s license do not seem to be an effective way to stop drunken driving.
D) Primary prevention is a useful principle to be followed in antidrug education.
40.The best title for the passage would be .
A) Are All Drugs Terrible for You?
B) Do People Believe What Underground Papers Say?
C) Is There an Increased Awareness of the Risks of Drugs?
D) Can Persuasion Reduce Drug Abuse?
Part Ⅲ    Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.The British Library the right to a free copy of every new book published in the United Kingdom.
A) contains  B) retires    C) retains    D) conveys
42.The secretary the foreign minister an interview he was to give that afternoon.
A) reminded … of B) reassured…about C)consulted…about  D) questioned…to
43. The way other people behave towards us influences how we ourselves.
A) conceive of   B) consist of    C) confront with    D) conform to
44. I suppose some people create an idea of who they want to be and, they it.
A) work …over    B) bear…out    C) live…out   D) get over
45.With the economy of the country growing strong, the mood is one of optimism .
A) presiding   B) circulating  C) floating   D) prevailing
46. These technological advances in communication have the way people do business.
A) revolted    B) represented    C) adopted   D) transformed
47. The workers of the textile mill that trade union leaders be elected from the workshops .
A) urged       B) related        C) combated   D) adapted
48. It is a of our company to give refunds if goods are faulty.
A) policy     B) discipline      C) decision   D) determination
49. friends helped him to get appointed ambassador to France .
A) Efficient   B) Influential    C) Impressive  D) Effective
50.Their ambitious schemes for making money quickly.
A) took a chance                  B) came to nothing
C) went into action               D) got to the point
51.She knew who wrote the letter, so without opening it she tore it into pieces.
A) in excitement                    B) in disappointment
C) in disgust                       D) in expectation
52.He had always been the way Ruth looked, and had never once paid her a compliment .
A) oblivious to    B) guilty of    C) wary of    D) subject to
53.Familarity with a wide range of idiomatic expressions, and the ability to use them appropriately, are among the distinguishing marks of a native like command of English.
A) in context     B) in practice    C) in place   D) in case
54.We are still things here, but I can’t guarantee the situation will stay that way.
A) in memory of                 B) in search of
C) in control of                D) in need of
55.Democratic government is a phrase that is notoriously hard to.
A) credit    B) defy    C) modify    D) define
56.Bill is rich. His house is full of such as expensive high-tech video systems and all the latest computer equipment.
A) luxuries   B) festivities   C) dimensions   D) instruments
57.She is quite capable, but the problem is that she is not.
A) consistent   B) insistent   C) beneficent   D) resistant
58.Based on the that every business is now free to formulate its own strategy in light of the changing market, I would predict a market improvement in the efficiency of China’s economy.
A) guidance    B) instruction    C)premise       D) eminence
59.Nurses should do all they can to make their patients feel .
A .on board    B) at ease        C) at leisure   D) at heart
60.The accused was to have been the leader of the plot to overthrow the government.
A) reconciled   B) blended        C) alleged      D) referred
61. She the letter, put it in the envelope and handed it to her father.
A) folded       B) wrapped        C) rolled       D) slided
62. In the last century, new drugs have improved health throughout the world.
A) inconsistently   B) supposedly  C) notedly    D) markedly
63. Now a paper argues that organic chemicals in the rock come mostly from on earth rather than bacteria on Mars.
A) configuration                    B) constitution
C) condemnation                     D) contamination
64. When he went to the airport for the ticket, Tom suddenly realized that his passport had for half a year.
A) abolished     B) expired     C) amended     D) constrained
65. Since the information was easily, we found it immediately.
A) acceptable    B) accessory   C) accessible   D) possible
66.There is no known cure for SARS, but doctors are developing ways to help sufferers it.
A) retard        B) eliminate    C) dispense    D) handle
67. She was her brains to remember the man’s time, but her bad memory failed her.
A) hitting    B) beating    C) racking   D) exhausting
68. Many apartments have doors with a security window so that one may outside and observe visitors without being seen.
A) peer       B) peek        C) peel     D) pile
69. French cars are more elegantly styled than their British .
A) counterparts   B) equals   C) ones    D) copies
70. After failing his driving test four times, he finally trying to pass.
A) gave up     B) gave away    C) gave off   D) gave in

Part IV  改错

 If indeed silence is golden, it is also becoming as rare as gold. It seems that    the progresses of man includes a rising volume of noise. In every home a stereo   71__ or television fill the rooms sound. Between sunrise and sunset, streets and      72__ highways are a constant source of voice from cars, buses, and trucks. You can    73__ pass any factory or construction area and the roar of their machinery will make   74__ your ears ringing. Music is played in every supermarket, most restaurants, and   75__  many offices. Big cities of the world are well-known by their noisiness. Noise   76__  pollution is the new side effect of our technological age. Day or night, the sound of the work fills the air.It seems that the smoothing effects of silence are nowhere 77__ to be found. Even the quiet of our careful protected wilderness areas can be     78__  invaded at any moment by a passed jet.                                           79__
     We are learning, finally, that silence is natural resource and must be protected by law. It appears that we all find company in sound, if we all demand a         80__     little quiet from time to time.

Part Ⅴ

 A Letter for Applying for a Job